EMMI Nuclear and Quark Matter seminar

Heavy flavor azimuthal correlations in cold nuclear matter

by Ramona Vogt (LLNL and UC Davis)

Tuesday, March 5, 2019 from to (Europe/Berlin)
at GSI ( EMMI/KBW Lecture Hall Side Room - KBW 1.17 )
Planckstraße 1 64291 Darmstadt
It has been proposed that the azimuthal distributions of heavy quark-antiquark pairs may be modified in the medium of a heavy-ion collision. This assumption is tested through next-to-leading order (NLO) calculations of the azimuthal distribution including transverse momentum broadening. The differences between NLO calculations and heavy QQbar pair production in event generators are also discusssed.

First, single inclusive pT distributions calculated with the exclusive HVQMNR code are compared to those calculated in the fixed-order next-to-leading logarithm approach. Next the azimuthal distributions are calculated and sensitivities to ⟨k2T⟩, pT cut, and rapidity are studied at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV. Finally, calculations are compared to QQbar data in elementary p+p and p+pbar collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV and 1.96 TeV as well as to the nuclear modification factor RpPb(pT) in p+Pb collisions at sqrt(s_NN) =5.02 TeV measured by ALICE. While these studies were done for p+p, p+pbar and p+Pb collisions, understanding azimuthal angle correlations between heavy quarks in these smaller, colder systems is important for their interpretation in heavy-ion collisions.

The low pT (pT<10 GeV) azimuthal distributions are very sensitive to the kT broadening and rather insensitive to the fragmentation function. The NLO contributions can result in an enhancement at phi∼0 absent any other effects. Agreement with the data was found to be good.

The NLO calculations, assuming collinear factorization and introducing kT broadening, result in significant modifications of the azimuthal distribution at low pT which must be taken into account in calculations of these distributions in heavy-ion collisions.