Detecting Beryllium-10 from exotic decays by Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS)

by Oliver Forstner (FSU, Jena)

Wednesday, April 18, 2018 from to (Europe/Berlin)
at KBW Lecture Room ( KBW Lecture Hall - Side Room )
The one-neutron halo-nucleus 11Be decays via beta-minus to the stable nucleus 11B (t1/2=13.76 s). In rare cases a subsequent emission of a proton leads to the unstable nucleus 10Be. Theoretical calculations predict a branching ratio of this rare decay channel of below 10-7. With the capability of AMS in measuring ultra-low isotopic ratios (10Be/9Be < 10-15) the branching ratio of beta-delayed proton decay to 10Be could be measured for the first time.
A beam of 11Be ions was produced at the radioactive ion beam facility ISOLDE at CERN. After mass separation the ions were implanted in Cu targets. These targets containing the produced 10Be were spiked with low-level 9Be and in the form of BeO chemically prepared as AMS targets at HZDR. The resulting 10Be/9Be ratios were determined via AMS at the VERA laboratory of the University of Vienna. With the known quantity of added 9Be the amount of implanted 10Be was calculated. Due to the low expected branching ratio and the resulting low number of implanted 10Be atoms a high efficiency paired with a low background of the 9Be carrier material was necessary.
To further widen the spectrum of radionuclides measureable by AMS and lowering the detection limits for similar nuclear physics research, we are planning to implement an optical filtering method for selective suppression of isobars by laser photodetachment (LISEL) at the 6 MV tandem accelerator at HZDR.